Each month we bring you a selection of journal articles related to sensory integration and processing:
Interoception Relates to Sleep and Sleep Disorders
This new research study found that sleep deprivation has profound effects on interoception and that disordered sleep is associated with altered interoception.
Sensory Processing Patterns in Developmental Coordination Disorder, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Typical Development
The results of this new research showed children with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) and Attention and Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) symptoms showed greater variability of atypical sensory processing patterns compared with typically developing children. Low registration and sensory sensibility issues were more prevalent in the DCD group. ADHD children showed higher rates of low registration, sensory sensibility and sensory seeking, and all children in the co-occurring symptoms group presented sensory sensibility.
Sweet and Sensitive: Sensory Processing Sensitivity and Type 1 Diabetes
This research study investigated the link between Sensory Processing Sensitivity (SPS) and Type 1 Diabetes. Results indicated that higher levels of SPS are found in individuals with Type 1 Diabetes than individuals without Type 1 Diabetes. These findings suggest the need to develop improved intervention and treatment processes for individuals with Type 1 Diabetes with consideration to their potential sensory processing sensitivities.
Sensory Modulation Disorders in Childhood Epilepsy
This study used the Sensory Profile questionnaire to assess behavioural responses to sensory stimuli and categorise sensory modulation disorders in children with active epilepsy (aged 4–17 years). The study found that children with epilepsy reported increased behavioural responses associated with sensory “sensitivity,” “sensory avoidance,” and “poor registration” but not “sensory seeking.” Comorbidity of ASD and ADHD was associated with more severe sensory modulation problems, although 27% of typically developing children with epilepsy also reported a sensory modulation disorder. The authors concluded that sensory modulation disorders are an under-recognised problem in children with epilepsy and that the extent of the modulation difficulties indicates an impact on children's ability to participate in daily life.
Systematic Review of Sensory Processing in Preterm Children Reveals Abnormal Sensory Modulation, Somatosensory Processing and Sensory‐Based Motor Processing
This research explored the link between premature births and the impact on daily functioning and behaviour in early childhood as a result of sensory processing difficulties. Researchers used Sensory Profile questionnaires, Test of Sensory Functions in Infants, the Miller Assessment for Pre-schoolers and the Sensory Integration and Praxis Test. The study indicated large scale differences in sensory processing; modulation, somatosensory processing and sensory-based motor processing in children who were born prematurely. These results may indicate the need for routine screening of sensory processing, and parent consultation should be considered in order to improve sensory processing and neuro-cognitive development from an early stage.
Sensory Integration and Functional Reaching in Children with Rett Syndrome/Rett-Related Disorders
This article explores the outcome of Ayres Sensory Integration (ASI) treatment on improving sensory processing and motor planning, in order to lay the sensory-motor foundation for improving grasp of objects, an important first step in developing functional hand use in Rett Syndrome. Loss of hand function skills is a typical characteristic of Rett Syndrome which impacts on the individual’s participation in self-care, play and school activities. The researchers explored the benefits of ASI intervention on reaching and grasping for children with Rett Syndrome. Results indicated small improvements in hand grasp following ASI intervention. These results indicate a foundation for furthermore in-depth research on the benefits of ASI intervention with Rett Syndrome.
Sensory Processing, Praxis and Related Social Participation Of 5-12 Year Old Children With Down Syndrome Attending Educational Facilities in Bloemfontein, South Africa
This research study investigated the sensory processing, praxis and related social participation of children with Down syndrome with the purpose of contributing to a better understanding of the importance of including sensory integration therapy as part of intervention. A cross sectional study design was used and data was collected on 15 participants using the Sensory Processing Measure (SPM) Home Form. The researchers found that the majority of the children with Down syndrome included in the study experienced vulnerabilities in social participation (53.3%) and praxis (80.0%), whereas 100% of the children experienced vulnerabilities in sensory processing. The authors concluded that, whilst the results of this study contribute to the emerging understanding of the sensory processing, praxis and related social participation of children with Down syndrome, it is recommended that further studies on larger samples investigate this topic to corroborate these findings.
Proprioceptive Precision is Impaired in Ehlers–Danlos Syndrome
In this study, researchers investigated proprioception functioning in adults with Ehlers Danlos Syndrome; a group of connective tissue disorders characterised by joint hyper-mobility (joints that stretch further than normal), skin hyper-extensibility (skin that can be stretched further than normal), and tissue fragility.
Sensory Processing Abilities of Children Who Have Sustained Traumatic Brain Injuries
This study explored the Sensory Processing of children aged 3-10 years who had experienced a moderate or severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). Information was gathered from caregivers though use of the Sensory Profile. Results indicated that children with a TBI mostly presented with sensory processing abilities outside of the typical range. These results provide proof of the need to incorporate sensory processing assessment in clinical assessments of children who have experience a TBI.
Profiles of Atypical Sensory Processing in Angelman, Cornelia De Lange and Fragile X Syndromes
There is growing evidence to suggest that children with neurodevelopmental disorders may evidence differences in their sensory processing. The aim of this study was to compare sensory processing patterns in three genetic syndromes associated with sensory difference.